| | | | |

A |

| | | | | I | I | | |




Meeting News July, 2006

If you have the summer doldrums, maybe it is time to reflect on how quickly 2006 has passed and the fact that we are more than halfway to 2007. Scary thought, since it seems it was almost yesterday we talked about entering the year 2000.

By now, hopefully some of you had the opportunity to travel to the Ohio (U.S.) area where the Cincinnati Commodore Computer Club sponsored a weekend of Commodore fun over June 3-4, and maybe someone will be brave enough to write an article about the event. Another event on the horizon is Commodore Vegas EXPO, v2 (CommVEX2), held in the Las Vegas area July 29, and we would likewise welcome any report or review of that event. You do not need be a professional writer to report, but writing even a chronology of the event would be helpful to those of us out in the hinterland who cannot attend.

Member George Jakenta has a new eddress: which is jakenta@comcast.net and enjoys pen pals via email. |

I did receive some positive feedback on mention of Pocket Planner 2 in our May 2006 MaiLink. Quite naturally, PP2 was discovered years ago by many Commodore users and it is still quite popular, and deservedly so. Most of us have friends and relatives who use other computer platforms, which supposedly have the very latest and very best of software as well as hardware, but when one looks deeply and carefully at these claims, they often fall apart, or are accompanied by all sorts of qualifiers. One perfect and blatant example of software misrepresentation (in my opinion it is outright fraud) is that of a very popular software package that many consumers and tax preparers purchase every year for completing and printing income tax returns for both U.S. federal and state. Each year new glitches have been added and this year was the grand finale. TurboTax leads the buyer to believe he will be able to load TurboTax onto his computer, then the software will do all the work of calculating taxes, as well as printing the appropriate forms. NOT! The user discovers after opening and loading TurboTax that he stil! must be online for it to work! Further, there was an error in calculation of estimated taxes on at least two occasions. Also, the person I know using TurboTax said he went online with TurboTax, waiting, waiting, waiting, and finally after 45 minutes he gave up and did the final calculations himself. He even wondered if there was a live person somewhere in cyberspace sitting at a calculator, feeding numbers back to all the poor souls who bought TurboTax and were sitting online waiting for "the software to work". In truth, we know perfectly well that the Commodore can be easily programmed to calculate basic tax returns, and can also be programmed to calculate more complex ones. It is just a matter of someone doing it, and experiencing the cruel joke inflicted on unsuspecting tax software buyers this year is enough to make one seriously consider writing a barebones tax package for next April, for the Commodore of course.

We have been in contact with the author of GoDot, Arndt Dettke, and hope soon to begin a series on using GoDot, a C64 Image Processing program. Until then, we hope you enjoy this July issue.

--President, Linda Tanner-

renee menrnnreen

BUSINESS OFFICERS: (addresses are in BIO’'s) PRESIDENT : Linda Tanner, tannerlj@yahoo.com

Handles group business, compliments, complaints, threats, etc. TREASURER: Emil Volcheck, Jr. emilv@mercury.ccil.org

receives dues, donations, balances bank account, disburses monies; PUBLISHER/MAILER: Richard Savoy;RSavoy5578@aol.com; prints and mails CML; sends late reminders;

ARCHIVIST and MANAGING EDITOR: David Mohr, lordronin@videocam.net.au; oversees receiving, maintaining and copying CML archives; backup editor,


trogissam@bluecity.org; edits member addresses and BIO’s; denotes member as "Friendly Correspondent" in BIO’s at member request; E-DDRESS EDITOR: Joseph Fenn, jfenn@lava.net;

maintains email addresses of members; posts list online; WEBMASTER: Andrew Schwartz, andyschwartz@hotmuil.com; maintains MaiLink website, http://mailink. videocam.net.au; ()UESTION & ANSWER MAN: Rolf Miller, answers C= related questions of wide variety; rolfmiller@aol.com;

YELLOW PAGES EDITOR: Richard Savoy, maintains resource lists of C= products and services; produces Marcl/September Yellow Pages; RSavoy5578&@aol.com

\LAILINK-ON-DISK EDITOR:Ken Barsky;creates disk version of ('MJ. for subscribers; KBarsky@msn.com.

THE EASY WAY TO CONTACT OFFICERS: president@MAILINK.videocam.net.au vicepresident@MAILINK.videocam.net.au treasurer@MAILINKE. videocam.net.au

bioed@MAILINK. videocam.net.au emailed@MAILINK.videocam.net.au webmaster@MAILINK.videocam.net.au managingeditor@MAILINK.videocam.net.au diskeditor@MAILINK.videocam.net.au editor@MAILINK.videocam.net.au


‘he Commodore MaiLink (CML) is published every other month by \feeting 64/128 Users Through the Mail, copyright 2006 by Meeting 64'128 Users Through the Mail. All rights reserved. Permission given io reprint if credit is given to the Meeting 64/128 Users Through the \fail. The names, "Meeting 64/128 Users Through the Mail" and "Commodore Mail.ink" and "CML" are also copyrighted. Any and all opinions expressed in this publication are the views of the authors, and no way necessarily reflect the viewpoints, attitudes or policies of Meeting 64/128 Users Through the Mail, unless so stated or indicated. Neither Commodore MaiLink nor Meeting 64/128 Users Through the \{ail condones piracy of copyrighted software or other material. All »rugrams published are with the permission of the author, or are to the best of our knowledge, in the public domain. Software offered for sale :s said by the seller to be either public domain, or 1f commercial, is the anginal disk with original documentation. All manuscripts or any matenal for review or publication should be sent to the editor of the next issue. Commodore MaiLink reserves the right to edit submissions. \fembers may place free Commodore BUY, SELL, TRADE ads in the \faiLink. Send diskfile or short note of ad to next editor.

EDITOR GUIDELINES: (abbreviated version)) =

Editing a newsletter involves collecting articles, programs, and other items, then placing these items in printed newsletter form. An editor may opt for the "cut and paste" approach, where articles, once printed, are literally cut and pasted onto each "master page". Or, publishing software may be used.

Editor should where possible use the two-column per page and right and left page margins, except page 2, should be no less than 3/4". Most text should be 12 point or larger anda good rule of thumb is to use no more than three fonts per page.

Requirements for the Editor include, regular columns such as TWS, geoPublish Tutorial , BASIC, and Q&A DESK, and if submitted, ARCHIVES, BUY/SELL/TRADE ads, Treasurer's Report, Obituaries, Announcements, Address Changes, and New MemberBIO’s. Also the Editor must detail the computer system, including software and hardware and printer used in the production of the current newsletter, as well as name, requirements, and deadlines of next editor. This could be in two separate columns: "The Editor’s Desk" and "The Next Editor’. If as Editor, you receive more than enough to fill pages 3-18, you will then forward to next editor the excess submissions.

The Editor should edit each item as it arrives, creating a diskfile and a backup diskfile, making certain a TWS version, or TRUE ASCII, of all disk files is (also) created. A good, clean "master copy " on single, unfolded sheets, printed on one side only and protected by cardboard should be sent to our Mailer, Richard Savoy, by the first day of the month you are editing. NOTE #1 TWS or TRUE ASCII diskfiles should be sei > CML Disk Editor, Ken Barsky. NOTE #2: to include a color page, send 100 completed sheets of that page, printed on both sides (ready for insertion into CML), along with the “masters” . If you are new at editing, a second copy of CML (copied on the back of junk mail is OK) should also be sent to the President for proofreading purposes.

Always keep your backup disk in a secure place until the MaiLink is in the hands of members. If you suddenly realize it 1s near the first of the month, and you are running late, notify the President who can help expedite matters.

July 2006 Editor: Andrew Schwartz


Send completed application, with check or money order made payable to Emil Volcheck, Jr., to: President, R)} Box 120T, Black, MO 63625, USA. Dues are $15 USD for continental U.S.. $17 US for Mexico and Canada, $25 US for all others. Add $9 for MailinkOnDisk, $3 for "free" disk. You will receive Commodore Mailink in January, March, May, July, September, and November, plus COMMODORE YELLOW PAGES and IQ's in March and September. Enjoy.


Commodore MaiLink, July 2006, pg. 2

face Tes

De ae oe

Wy See ee te IEE ORS

By Andrew Schwartz > | a andyschwartz@hotmail.com

This is my third opportunity to be a guest editor and I have enjoyed it as much as all of the other times. The only drawback for creating the newsletter is the lack of club submitted articles. We have some excellent regular columns but little submitted filler.

I used the following to create this issue:

C128D,1581,1571,1541 CMD HD40 MPS 803 Draft copies Cannon BJC250 Printer final Personal Newsletter Creator The Internet

Fresno Commodore User Group


If you are planning to purchase tickets for the Commodore Vegas Expo raffle prizes and are planning to send a check/money order, please get them to our club address by July 28. After July 28, no one will be around to check on the mail! Paypal purchasers don't have to worry about the postal mail. More information on the CommVEXx raffle prizes is at

http://commvex.petscii.com or at:

http://www.commodore.ca/forum and click on ComVEX.

If you have missed out in getting a discounted room at the CommVEx venue, the Plaza Hotel in downtown Las Vegas, there are hundreds of other hotels from which to choose. Go to:

http://hotelcoupons.com for discounts (but read the fine print).

NEXT EDITOR FOR SEPTEMBER I can take articles just about anyway you like to send them as long as it is text files. For exam- ple you can send via email just like you would any message, I only ask if it is more than one

ABBE tgs gees este i Rat i, ae Oy ro. aS 2

Joystix, anew C64 game papermag (PDF) by IQ-Dna/POL is out! Download at:

http://noname.c64.org/csdb/release/download.ph p?id=41453

By Jason Compton

jcom pton@starbase.globalpc.net

The Emergency Chicagoland Commodore

Convention is pleased to announce the first-ever ECCC event:

Saturday, September 30

Fairfield Inn and Suites (Marriott) 645 West North Ave

Lombard, Illinois 60148 USA 1-630-629-1500

http://marriott.com/property/propertypage/CHIFS 8 AM - 6 PM

The event itself is being held in the Heron Point’ building next to the Fairfield Inn. (Long-time retro event-goers in the Chicagoland area will recognize this facility, it was used by SWRAP in the past and is also used for a summertime classic console event.) Meeting room C is our place. Doors will open at 8 AM, event closes at 6 PM. Meeting room C is at the basement level.

There 1s an "after-party" room reserved in the hotel as well. Last year's after-party event infamously gave life to the Commodore- controlled animatronic cat. Who knows what will happen this year?

Come to the show, bring your stuff, walk in. Dealer tables are free. User tables are free. Admission is free. Such a deal.

item that the title be at the top each article. If GEO use GEO Word. TWS can be in program or | sequential files, or on disk. AUGUST 15th. In my hands. Richard Savoy, 250 West Street Apt 9, Ware MA 01082-9783, Email: RSavoy5578@aol.com

Commodore Mailink, July 2006, pg 3


by Jane M. Yoskamp - Jones

Like | hinted in my first column for Mailink, tam going to contnue on now from where my column for Commodore Digest left off That being the case, | wil also provide all the PD program files nat | discussed in those five issues, along wilh the ones | will menton from this point on tn Mailink Seems a fairidea tome anyway.

Tooling up geoWnte - Part One

There are many other programs that can assist you when you work with geoWnte, and they are a great asset to have around. Here are a few that! haye found to tell you about after rummaging around {and nearly gettng lost) in my GEOS cupboard (smile)

WrhiteMenu v1.0

WnteMenu {WM) comes in two PD yersions - WnteMenu64 v1.0 {WM64) and WnrteMenul 28 ¥1 0 {WM128) WnteMenu was wniten by Payton W Snider Il, aka geoWorm Productons. The modificatons to GEOQS128 mode were ywiitten and added by Randy Winchester.

WM 1s a Desk Accessory {DA) program wnich Is meant to be accessed from the geos Menu in

geoWnte For more informaton on the menus in geoWnte, refer to the relevant secdons In Tre World of GEOS HandBook II’ {™)

WM64 works only wth GEOS64, and WM1 26 works only wth GEOS128 {80 columns only} Once you select WM from the geos Menu In geoWrite, the program puts up a Dialog Box {DBox) to select the menu {of geoWntle) that you want constrained {{definiuon © confine, compel, forced)). You click on the option in the DBox to activate that partcular menu wh WMs constraining. Click the OK gadget to wnen you are finished.


Select the MENUS you want CONSTRAINED

O page

O geos

O file gw font O edit mw style O options

After that, on the next use of that menu you selected, the pointer will be un-able to slide off the sides or bottom unbl you select something, or you can sull slide off the top to exit The program doesn't seem to do much else You can toggle the constrain thingy off again if you no longer want it, or justexit geoWnte, it won tbe back as it iS not a permanent feature You would nave to nin the DA again

Because WM64 works only wth GEOS64, and WM1 28 works only wth GEOS 128 {80 colurnns only), | actually found this to be a program without much purpose.

And then it annoyed me, especially if! was in the wrong mode {geoWhte 80 columns), or the wrong version, {GEC3S 128 for WM64) aarrgghh ! not this again !!) Maybe you will have better luck with it

GEOSGenie, Continued on page 5

Commodore Malink, July 2006, pg .4

GEOSGenie, Continued from page 4 WRITE TOOLKIT v1.2

WRITE TOOLKIT v1.2 by Rick Krantw is a PD 40 columns Applicaton program. When run, the Application presents you with a full screen of opbons and gadgets to click on. At first it appeared that nothing was happening, but a more intense investigation of the gadgets funchons came up with this. Most of the options really do wnat they say. Well they did on my sample text file. (Note. DBGelFiles means a Dialog Box thatlists the files available).

EDIT if you only have geoWnte in 40 columns and do not want to put up with screen flipping for 80 column documents, use this gadget to format the text into a readable 40 columns. A OBGelFiles box is presented for you to select your text file, and click the OPEN gadget and the program goes to work and exits back to Desk Top. Enter geowrite to view the changes. Notbad, not bad.

PRINT 1s basically the same as EDIT except that it formats a 40 column presented document into one for reading and printing in geoWnle 80 columns. Not a bad idea really. The DBoxes follow the same as EDIT.

COMBINE . A OBGelFiles box is presented for

geoWrite TOOLKIT copyright Rick Krantz

EQIT Set default margins for editting (48 Column).

PRINT Set default margins for printing (88 column) COMBINE | Append 2nd File to end of Ist File.

RULER Copy ruler (from ‘Text Scrap’).

ALL FONT] Replace all fonts with fst font (from ‘Text Scrap’).


you to select the first text file, and click the OPEN gadget A second DBGelFiles box is presented for you to select the second text file, and click the OPEN gadget again and the program goes lo work and exits back to DeskTop. Enter geoWnte to view the changes. On checking the text file called ‘first, it shows that the program appended the second file after a nicely placed page break added onto the end of the first Nicely executed rougne.

RULER : The option states Copy Ruler {from Text Scrap). Whilst | did set up a Text Scrap of a portion of text with the Margins set and some Tabs set and positoned in Left formatted mode with 1 1/2 Line Spacing selected, | couldn't get the program to do anything other that put up DBox to say “No ruler in ‘Text Scrap” Okay, I'l concede, | don't have a clue how to make this option work 7!

ALL FONT: This option requires a Text Scrap on disk with the font of your choice defined. A OBGelFiles box is presented to select a text fle Click on the OPEN gadget and the program goes to work and then exits to DeskTop. Check your text file to see if the process worked. Yes, if all seemed to go okay. The key is the Text scrap, prepare ahead and you will be satsfied wih he performance if you have no other programs for this operabon.

ONE FONT: Again this option requires a Text Scrap on disk, but wth two fonts of your choice, in the desired order, defined A DBGetFiles box is then presented lo select a text file. Click on the OPEN gadget and the program goes lo work and then exits to DeskTop. Check your text file to see if the process worked. Preparation is again the key Have the new font first in your scrap, followed by the oldfont Pretty easy really.

ONE FONT| Replace 2nd font with Ist font (from ‘Text Scrap?)

FONI/STYLE] Replace 2nd font with Ist font & style.

FONTIS TYLE . Again this opton requires a Text Scrap on disk, but with two fonts of GEOSGenie, Continued on page 16

Commodore Mailink, July 2006, pg .5


One sharp-eyed reader reminded me that in the May program I didn’t even clear the screen. It’s an easy thing to incorporate a "CLR" into "Sound64-2.0". Just load the program, type 4 PRINT"CHR$(147)<RET> then resave the program. Since the program does not really use the screen, a "clear screen" is/was not necessary, but it is more esthetically pleasing to see a screen free of clutter.

For this edition I decided to make it more fun than education so I wrote a little program that allows a user to test his/her hearing. Now, this is not a form of medical testing, but what we are actually doing is testing the user to see if he hears his COMMODORE emitting tones of varying frequencies.

In our "HEARINGTEST128" in this issue, there is only one major issue unresolved, thus I did not deal with it. If anyone knows how to determine the output level in decibels originating from programming our SID chip, I’m all ears. In other words, is there any correlation between the VOL level set in software,and the decibel output? Is there any correlation between the decibel output and the incremental turns of the monitor volume control? Since I did not have this information, it couldn’t be incorporated into our “hearing test".Once I find this information, there will be some sort of update, allowing users to actually test their hearing at varying decibel levels, which would give a much more meaningful report.

Basically, our program sends the user through one of three hearing tests, depending on whether s/he wants a tiny version, the “micro test", or a small version, the "mini test", or a longer version containing 30 different tones.

The program emits a tone for 5 seconds and the user presses a "y" if he hears the tone, and a "n" if he does not. How would a deaf or hard of hearing person know a tone is being emitted? An oversized musical note pops onto the screen each time a tone is emitted.

When the test is over, the results are charted out onscreen in graph fashion, with a "YES" or "NO" for each frequency listed, so the user can see at a glance if his hearing is weak in the higher, lower, or mid-range frequencies. |

Until the decibel levels are incorporated in an updated version, a good way to test one’s "Commodore hearing" is first have a person with excellent hearing to test, and re-test himself, each time turning the volume knob down slightly on the monitor, until there is a point where the test tones are just barely audible to the excellent hearer. Then the person wanting to test his own hearing would leave the monitor volume level unchanged, then navigate through each of the three sets: the "micro test", the “mini test, and the "complex test", for a better understanding of how his hearing compares to that of an excellent hearer.

Again, neither the program, "HEARINGTEST128", nor the information on this page constitutes medical information, nor does it substitute for it. On the other hand, if a person with no knowledge about his hearing ability follows the procedure listed in the above paragraph, it may provide clues about whether he should consult a hearing professional.

Hopefully in September, we may have a C64 version, "HEARINGTEST64" and we may have an update regarding decibel levels. Until then,let’s hear it for the Commodore!

niatatatnt ae neat ne ne ge ona yan a a a ee aap ne ne

Commodore MaiLink, July 2006, pg. 6


Commodore MaiLink, July 2006,pg. 7

“iene “Eh TeG-m ladital (etal lalal

A TV is unlikely to give true high resolution comparable to 4 monitor Dut by injecting a video signal to the video stage of a TV, the improvements can be substantial. The rsason is simple and twofold. A computer to TY connection is made via an RF modulator. The signal is then demodulated by the demodulator circuit in the TY set. Eliminating these circuit blocks removes two scources of distortion. I modified an AWA Deep Image 14 inch color TV.

The computer video signal can be feed to a suitable point in the TY video circuit and a designated test point is usually a good spot. In my modification [I used test point 15. Some Ssignais may require amplification but usually a simple trimmer and capacitor should be adequate. It may be a good idea to include back to back zeners for protection. Note that live chasis’ TY sats are not racomended to be modified. Many peuple have experienced problems with the AGC circuit causing interference,

This occurs when the AGE doas not Find an RF signat and Consequently opens ee ee to maximum, picking uo “Lamingtons’ cr noise. My solution to this problem was to disconnect the zartn from the computer to TV connection and leave the RF lead connected,

This circuit was derived from my own experiments and it h en working for me for four years, However, [ cannot

war anitee rasults, but tne idea may be useful to readers with Alay problems.


ae uw


« Once again take care and check your work as you as far errors. Tne tac-man tak as mo responsibility For damage resulting from the instalation of thesa projects. ‘st VIDED AMP scorn NCRM Spice COMPUTER ~ | lO roxy 0D O—-—wan—+—> Wu TINT | WICE iN TANT tL 330R Me, 3 ? OPTIONAL oH? , WV7 ZENERS | I. ¥,.77 ‘K2 = 47 a9






Commodore Mailink, July 2006, pg . 8


The flashing square under READY is called the cursor and indicates where what you type on the keyboard will be displayed on the screen. As you type, the cursor will move ahead one space, as the original cursor position is replaced with the character you type, Try typing on the key- board and watch as characters you type are dis- played on the TV/Monitor screen.

THE BEGINNERS CORNER COLOR ADJUSTMENT Lesson # 3 There is a simple way to get a pattern of colors Prepared By: Richard Savoy on the TV/Monitor so you can easily adjust the FOGG niineiionbiceecdeees = set. Even though you may not be familiar with In lesson # 2 we installed the Commodore C64, in _ the operation of the computer right HOW just fol- this lesson we will get it to operate! low along, and you'll see how easy it is to use the Commodore 64. OPERATION-USING THE COMMODORE 64: First, look on the left side of the keyboard and 1. Turn onthe computer using the rocker switch _ locate the key mar ked CTRL. This stands for on the right-side panel when you’re looking at = COnTRoL” and is used, in conjunction with

the computer from the front. other keys, to instruct the computer to do a spe- 2. After a few moments the following will be cific task. displayed on the TV or monitor screen:

“2 ham, COHNOLORE: SPAS Ve +e4¢ 0 To use a control function, you hold down the o 4K,

RAMS SYST SO Ome §= CTRL key while depressing a second.

cnpy. CLES ay Sees = Try this: hold the CTRL key while also de- ® CURSOR SIGNALS pressing the 9 key. Then release both keys.

7 COMMODORE 64 |S Nothing obvious should have happened, but if

~ WAITING FOR YOUR | you touch any key now the screen will show the Mm INPUT. :

character displayed in reverse type, rather than

sis normal type—like the opening message or any- 3. If your TV/Monitor has a manual fine tuning _—thing you typed earlier.

knob, adjust the TV/Monitor until you get a Hold down the SPACEBAR. What happens?

clear picture. If you did the above procedure correctly, you

4. You may also want to adjust the color and tint should see a light blue bar oe aeres. the controls on the TV/Monitor for the best dis- screen. Next time we will continue with more plays. You can use the color adjustment pro- on color, and Keyboard commands.

cedure described later to get everything setup properly. When you first get a picture, the screen should appear mostly, dark blue, with

NF RE Ee Sg oo Se wn SS Sa aiv ts Panter xk 7 re

PORTO gegen MATE Retest oe rat ee ee?

° e . c “a 4 tae c a

i . ry ? .

: ss 3 SMB, EF e, © «3 = »

se ] ; a a Bix WHT RED CYN i a ren VV ee =


a light blue, border and letters. i be @o 47 e wr A Ss D

If you don’t get the expected results, recheck the | oe ae a cables, and connections. The accompanying chart [iin x a a | ean ee ete will help you isolate any problem. Seen ee

Commodore Mailink, July 2006, pg .9


Corrections & Continuations

By: Bruce Thomas NAAAAAAAAAAANAANAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA We have to be flexible while working with geoPublish (gP). When unexpected results pop up it is best to fix them before moving on.

The first adjustment we have to make is in Tuto- rial Part 1 on Page 2. When we laid out this page we set custom gutter values to allow room for the title. The value we used was 36 which equals 1/2 an inch. .

When we drew the box around our title we used the % inch ratchet tool to ensure we got uniform box sizes on all pages. As soon as you place the box on Page 2 it is obvious that we have a prob- lem. Our usual top gutter is 5 points so we need to change the top gutter value for both text re- gions on Page 2 to 41 and then the box won't sit on top of the text. Read Page 12 again if you need a refresher on Gutters.

After you move the text down by 5 points you should also adjust the Pull-Quote and the lines we placed above and below it. Use Zoom View on Page 2 to adjust these 3 items.

In Living Color

We haven't done anything with color yet. I was going to save that for the Front Cover. The graphics we have used so far need corrected so they will look better when printed.

If you select the 'color' box when printing with PostPrint you will find that Maurice has pro- grammed PostPrint to print colors for all but the first 9 patterns. Many of the graphics we have used so far look fine when printed on a Black & White Printer but appear as medium grey on light grey when printed in color.

To correct this we have to load each photo scrap into geoPaint, Continue next column

turn on color, select Black foreground on White background, color the image, copy the scrap, add it to our Photo Album and use this picture in gP. Quite a few of our images have to be changed on Pages 20, 21, 23 and 24.

I have uploaded a new Photo Album containing color corrected images. I have also uploaded new geoWrite files for installments #7 (Importing More Articles) and #10 (Importing Graphics Part 1) as they contained embedded graphics that were affected by the color prob- lem. Download these files and make the substi- tutions.

Now you see me

Another issue with our graphics is making sure they don't overlay other elements on our page. Select each of our imported Graphics in Page Graphics Mode, open their attributes and make sure that the Transparent option is selected. This will allow items that are on the page before the graphic to appear through the graphic.

All Thumbs

I incorrectly stated in the last installment that you could place images of 16 geoPaint files onto one page using the Thumbnail program from RUN's Power Pak disk. Only PostPrint and geoPubLaser will place all 16 pages of a gP document onto a single page as thumbnails. "Thumbnail" will only place 12 files onto one page so you will need two pages to print all 16 gP pages as thumbnails. This is possible by

printing the geoPublish pages to geoPaint files

with the Paint Pages printer driver and then us- ing "Thumbnail" to shrink them onto a page.

Continuations A real quick topic that I am going to squeeze onto this page is adding continuation notices to help the reader find the rest of an article. Since I continuation notices to help the reader find the rest of an article.

Continued on page 11:

Commodore Mailink, July 2006, pg. 10

Continued from page 10:

Since I am using a slogan and a symbo! at the end of articles in this tutorial we don't need to add notices but we will do it now just to see how it is done.

Continuation notices are created using Special Text just like we did for titles, captions and pull- quotes in "Adding Special Text" on Page 28.

Goto Page 13, change to Page Graphics Mode, change to Zoom view and place the box in the lower right corner of the page. We have enough space below the text and above our Master Pages line to add a continuation notice. Select the Text Placement Tool, open attributes and set font to LW_Zapf, 10 point. Click between the text and the line under "WronglsWrite" and en- ter "(continued on Page 14)" for our text. Click OK and then stretch the text box down and out a bit to allow our text room to print.

Stay in Zoom View and goto Page 14. Move the zoom window up to the middle of

the page and place "(from Page 13)" in the shaded box to the right of the "Converting Documents" title. Stretch the text box down and out a bit and we are done.

We will now return to our regularly scheduled material.

Until next time, enGEOy your Commodore!

Bruce Thomas


Part [Il By: Robert Bernardo

Introduction Robert’s article on the International Expo started on the March issue of CML page 14 and has continued in the May issue starting on Page 13 of that issue, now comes to a conclusion in this issue Starting here.

The one hour drive back to where I was residing

was hectic. Las Vegas traffic was a pain, but | kept thing that I had to get all of this down in print while the memories were fresh.

I arrived at Larry Lathrop’s house, my tempo- rary residence while in Vegas. He, his wife and | went to Joe’s Crab Shack where | treated them to a fine dinner. While waiting the 20-25 min- utes for a table, I started writing this article in my notepad. Larry had the fried scallop dinner. Penny had the seafood pasta, and I had the din- ner of salmon covered with a chunky crab and lobster Rockefeller sauce. For dessert I carried out a slice of key-lime pie.

Back at Larry’s house, I continued writing. Later on, I pulled out the brand-new Hummer DTV game and unwrapped it. Meanwhile, as | did that, Larry tried a Jakk's game joystick. Then ! plugged in the Hummer DTV and switched it on. Opening titles were clear, but certain screens showed horizontal "interference" lines. Game- play was marred by a steering wheel which was not proportional but acted more like paddle. Though the Hummer DTV game was purported to have 256 colors, we only noticed a few extra colors in the hills and other backgrounds. After much trial-and-error, Larry was getting the hang of the controls. | still need much practice but at least had fun in the "Demolition Derby" part of the game.

Finally, Larry brought me over to his C128 and loaded Super Off-Road Racing (in 64 mode, of course). He found Super Off-Road to be superior in contro] (with a joystick) and a possi- ble basis for the Hummer DTV game. I noted that the Super Off-Road game had a stationary screen of the entire track, whereas the Hummer DTV games had a scrolling track (1.e., when your vehicle moved, a part of the track would scroll and be revealed, your only view of the en- tire track being a "radar" view in the upper right corner).

It was near midnight. I had to finish writing, and Larry went to bed. Tomorrow would be the Continued on page 12:

Commodore Mailink, July 2006, pg. 11

Contiued from page 11:

Clark County Commodore Computer Club meeting with my report on the prospective CommVEx v2 venues, a demonstration of the C64 PAL DTV, a demonstration of the Hummer DTV. a viewing of the book, "On The Edge"; and a look inside 2 Amiga 2000 Video Toasters. Also I had to prep and mail off FCUG newslet- ters. There would be another hotel meeting room to check out for CommVEx v2. And most im- portantly, | would return to CES for another chat with those at the Commodore Int'l BV booth. Truly,

Robert Bernardo

Fresno Commodore User Group http://videocam. net.au/fcug


WHAT NEXT! By: Richard Savoy

It looks like The Beginners Corner” is off to a good response, some of our other programs that we run in a series are coming to aclose. We will need some replacements, any suggestions, or maybe you would like to have one yourself. All members are welcome to submit articles.

I"ve come up with an idea for a series, seeing we have one for the beginners, I think one for those that would like to go ahead with “Learning to program in Basic 2.0” may draw interest, so here goes, I'll give it a try. @@@@OEOOOOOCOECOEEEEE@ LEARNING TO PROGRAM IN BASIC 2.0 USING A 64C PREPARED By: Richard Savoy

Getting Started in Basic: Lesson 1

The BASIC programming language is a special language that lets you communicate with your Commodore 64C. Using BASIC is one means by which you instruct your computer what to do.

BASIC has its own vocabulary (made of com- mands, statements and functions) and its own rules of structure (called syntax).

You can use the BASIC vocabulary and syntax to create a set of instructions called a program, which your computer can then perform or “run.”

Using BASIC, you can communicate with your Commodore 64C in two ways: within a pro- gram, or directly (outside a program).

Direct Mode

Your C64 is ready to accept BASIC commands in direct mode as soon as you turn on the com- puter. In the direct mode, you type commands on the keyboard and enter them into the com- puter by pressing the RETURN key. This exe- cutes all direct mode commands immediately after you press the RETURN key. Most BASIC commands in your C64 can be used in direct mode as well as in a program.

Program Mode

In program mode you enter a set of instructions that perform a specific task. Each instruction is contained in a sequential program line. A state- ment in a program may be as long as 80 charac- ters: this is equivalent to two full screen lines in 40 column format.

Once you have typed a program, you can use it immediately by typing the RUN command and pressing the RETURN key. You can also store the program on disk or tape by using the SAVE command. Then you can recall it from the disk or tape by using the LOAD command. This command copies the program from the disk or tape and places that program in the C 64’s mem- ory. You can then use or “execute” the program again by entering the RUN command. All these commands are explained later in this section. Most of the time you will be using your com- puter with programs, including programs you yourself write and commercially available soft- ware packages. The only time you operate in di- rect mode is when you are manipulating or edit- ing your programs

Continued on page 13:

Commodore Maihink, July 2006, pg . 12

Learning Continued from page 12:

With commands such as LIST,LOAD,SAVE and RUN. As arule, the difference between di- rect mode and operation within a program is that direct mode commands have no line numbers.

Keyboard Character Sets

| assume you have your C= 64 keyboard in front of you, or if you are using a C=128 keyboard the only difference would be Function Keys location and the Calculator that has been added to the keyboard.

The C 64 keyboard offers two different sets of characters:

m@ Upper-case letters and graphic characters ™@ §=Upper-— and lower-case letters You can use only one character set at a time.

When you turn in the C 64, the keyboard is normally using the upper-case /graphic character set. This means tha everything you type 1s in capital letters. To switch back and forth between the two character sets, press the SHIFT key and the key C= (Commodore key) at the same time. To practice using the two character sets turn on vour computer and press several letters and graphic characters. Then press then SHIFT key and the C= key, Notice how the screen changes to upper and lower-case characters. Press SHIFT and C= again to return to the upper and graphic character set.

Using the Commodore Keys

COMMAND keys are keys that send messages