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HORIAMBUS (-vv-) or “catalectic dactylic dipody” (-vu|-,)? Pure choriambic cola (-vu— -οὐ.-- and vu -ουὐ-- -οὐ.--} or “syncopated dactyls” (uu | ι- [-uu [eu and ~vvu | ι- |-vu | ε- | -υυ | ι-.})Ὁ Choriambic dimeter (υ.-.- -ὐὐ.-} or “syncopated logaoedics” (uv! -u| L.|-vu|t.)? Antispastic dimeter (Glyconic: υ----ὦ v-u_) or “loga- oedic tetrapody” with ‘dactyl’ in the second place (vu! |-vu|-u]-,)? Polyschematist dimeter (G-_.G ~vu_) or “logaoedic tetrapody” with ‘dactyl’ in the third place (G:t|-G|-vu|-,)? In a word, the metrical explanations of forms that abound in Greek poetry which are given by eminent Greek metricians, or a theory of the ‘rhythmical’ structure of these forms that has little, if any, support in ancient tradition? ‘These questions are of importance sufficient to warrant a thorough reconsideration of the material to which they relate. Definitions of logaoedic metre are given by Hephaestion and Aristi- des Quintilianus. These, unhappily, are not complete. The reason of this, however, is apparent: the metre was relatively unimportant. Both authors add their statements about it to their general treatment of the larger subjects of dactylic and anapaestic metres. But the essential fact is made clear. Hephaestion briefly defines logaoedic metre to be the combination, within the same colon, of two or more dactyls with a trochaic syzygy, or, in ascending rhythm, of two or more anapaests with a catalectic iambic syzygy (bacchius). ‘The most noted form, he adds, in the second category has four anapaests, the first of which may be a spondee or iambus.t' Logaoedic cola, thus defined, are comparatively rare in Greek comedy.?

1 Heph. 25, 12 ff. and 29, 12 ff. (Westphal), and Schol. Heph. 163, 13 ff. Cf. Arist. Quintilianus 33, 30 ff. and 34, 5 ff. (Jahn) = 52 and 53 (M.).

3 For examples of this metre, see Thesm. 1136-1159, p. 20 below. This lyric is altogether singular in the great number of logaoedic cola it contains.

2 Fohn Williams White

Modern writers on Greek metre, G. Hermann (sparingly), Béckh, Rossbach and Westphal, and many others, have extended the applica- tion of the term ‘logaoedic’ to include cola that contain a single ‘dactyl’ (or single, but isolated, ‘dactyls’). This view of logaoedic metre, chiefly through the powerful exposition of Rossbach and West- phal, is now current. It has recently been strongly re-enforced by the acute reasoning of Goodell. But it is not the view of the Greek metricians, who, while they are not always in accord in the application of their theory, agree that the cola which are now under considera- tion are to be measured differently. According to Heliodorus and Hephaestion, the unit of measurement is here a ‘foot’ that in its normal form contains four syllables and six times (χρόνοι).

The current ‘logaoedic’ measurement of the metres in question has twice received fairly complete exposition in its application to Greek comedy, in Rossbach and Westphal’s Specielle Griechische Metrik® and in J. H. H. Schmidt’s Antike Compositionslehre® But, so far as I am aware, the lyrics and stichic periods of comedy that have been classified as ‘logaoedic’ have never been fully presented in any modern treatise in the forms demanded by ancient metrical theory. I purpose, there- fore, in what follows to analyze them in accordance with the doctrine of Hephaestion, with such aid as may be got from the Heliodorean metrical scholia on Aristophanes. Fair opportunity will thus be afforded for comparison.

I exclude from present consideration the lyrics in Aristophanes written, in whole or in part, in the metre made famous by Telesilla. There are six of these lyrics, besides isolated occurrences of the line, in Aristophanes, and the form occurs also in Cratinus and Hermippus ; but the Telesilleum, according to Hephaestion,* is a mixed Ionic colon, and the discussion of it belongs elsewhere.

1 Chapters on Greek Metric, pp. 212 ff. 2 Third edit., pp. 653-669.


4 See Heph. 35, 19 ff. (W.).

Logaoedic’ Metre in Greek Comedy 3

I Choriambte Cola

The Choriambus, as such, disappears under the current modern analysis. It is no longer a fundamental foot (~uv_) used as consti- tuent element of a μέτρον πρωτότυπον, but a catalectic dactylic dipody (-vv|-,). Hephaestion, however, for whom this πούς was as real an element in metre as the dactyl or iambus, devotes a chapter of his Manual to it. The chapter begins (30, 6 ff.) : τὸ χοριαμβικὸν συντί- θεται μὲν καὶ καθαρόν, συντίθεται δὲ καὶ ἐπίμικτον πρὸς τὰς ἰαμβικάς" ὡς ἐπίπαν δέ, ὅτε καταληκτικόν ἐστιν, εἰς τὴν ἰαμβικὴν κατακλεῖδα περαιοῦται, τοῦτ᾽ ἔστιν, εἰς ἀμφίβραχυν, βακχεῖον διὰ τὴν ἀδιάφορον. This simple statement adequately explains the metrical constitution of many lyrics in Aristophanes.

Nubes 510-517

2\\? ¥ ΄ a 9 ,

a ἴθι χαιρον τῆς ἀνδρείας i ΕΞ

οὕνεκα ταύτης.

εὐτυχία γένοιτο τάν- 1 uve υ-υ--

θρώπῳ, ὅτι προήκων -υυ- υ-ὄ-

ἐς βαθὺ τῆς ἡλικίας -υυ-. -ὖὐ.- 516 νεωτέροις τὴν φύσιν av- υ-υς- πυυ-

τοῦ πράγμασιν χρωτίζεται δ που. τοὺ-

3 - καὶ σοφίαν ἐπασκεῖ. -υυ-- υ----

In order to secure greater ease in analysis, the cola are here printed separately, each in its own line, after the manner of the Alexandrines. Catalexis marks the close of a period or hypermetron. The combina- tion of choriambic cola in Aristophanes is generally hypermetrical. Hiatus and syllaba anceps in acadalectic cola are extremely rare; they will be noted whenever they thus occur.

The commation that has just been quoted (Nubes 510-517) begins with an anapaestic movement. Compare the beginning of the comma- tion that introduces the parabasis in the Vespae (1009 ff.), where the lyric movement that follows is trochaic.

The remaining cola are all dimeters, rhythmic πόδες of the normal measurement of eight syllables and twelve times, with catalexis in 2, 6, and the commonly allowed irrational element in the odd places of the

4 Fohn Williams White

iambic dimeter (5). The cola are pure choriambic (3), or mixed choriambic (1, 2, 4,6), or iambic (5). The designation of 1 and 2 respectively as “first Glyconic” and first Pherecratean’’ and of the union of the two as “first Priapean” is modern and highly objectionable.

Nubes 700-706 = 804-813

804 dp’ αἰσθάνει πλεῖστα δι’ 7- 1 -οὖ.-. vue aA > ΩΤ 9 ἊΨ, μᾶς ἀγάθ᾽ αὐτίχ᾽ wv -υυ.-. υ-.- rd 6. lot ε ὅδ᾽ g gy =u μόνας θεῶν; ws ἔστιν ὅδ᾽ ἕτοιμος ἅπαν- vive -οοὐυυῦϑυ.- a a 808 τα δρᾶν ὃς ἂν κελεύῃς. υ-υ-. va Ν 3 > ἧς 3 if: σὺ δ᾽ ἀνδρὸς ἐκπεπληγμένου 5 υ.υσυυ-.υ..- Ν - 3 ta 810 καὶ φανερῶς ἐπηρμένου -υυ- vive γνοὺς ἀπολάψεις τι πλεῖστον δύνασαι, -υυ.-- -υὐ-- -υὐὖ- ταχέως φιλεῖ γάρ πως τὰ τοι- υ-υ- -οὐ.- AQ? ε 7 , αὖθ᾽ ἑτέρᾳ τρέπεσθαι. αυυ-- υ--..

On the constitution of this lyric, cf. Schol. Ven. 804: χορίαμβος δίμετρος ἀκατάληκτος" χορίαμβος Siverpos καταληκτικός (Thiemann, δικατάληκτος V)+ ἴαμβος πενθημιμερής" ἀπὸ χοριάμβου βάσεως εἰς χορίαμβον" ἴαμβος δίμετρος καταληκτικός " ἴαμβος δίμετρος ἀκατάληκτος " ἀπὸ χοριάμβου βάσεως εἰς ἴαμβον" χοριαμβικὸν τρίμετρον ἀκατάληκτον " χορίαμβος ἑφθημιμερής. The Scholiast divides the text of 3, 4: μόνας θεῶν; ὡς [ἕτοιμος ὅδ᾽ (3) ἐστὶν ἅπαν τα δρᾶν ὃς ἂν xKedevys. He overlooks 8.

The proper disposition of 3, 4 is notoriously difficult.t Order, how- ever, may be restored by certain simple transpositions and a single slight change of text: ἔστιν ὅδ᾽ ἕτοιμος in 807 for the reading of the Mss., ἕτοιμος ὅδ᾽ ἐστὶν, and εἰς δ᾽ ἄπορον ὅταν πέσῃς, τάχιστ᾽ in 703 f. for ταχὺς δ᾽ ὅταν εἰς ἄπορον πέσῃς. When the order became confused τάχιστ᾽ gave rise to ταχὺς δ΄. With --υυυ (3) as the second syzygy of a lyric iambic trimeter, cf. Ran. 398 (Ἴακχε πολυτίμητε, μέλος ἑορτῆς), 399, 403 (v-vuv) and in a lyric tetrameter, Plut. 292. See also Eccl. 971 = 9175. The occurrence of Y-vuv as the first syzygy of a lyric iambic trimeter or dimeter (5) is not rare. Cf. Ach. 1158 =

© See Luthmer, De Choriambico et Ionico a minore diiambi loco positis (1884), p- 45 f. Von Wilamowitz in his Isyilos von Epidauros (1886), p. 136, classified this lyric as Ionic.

‘Logaoedic’ Metre in Greek Comedy 5

1170, Eccl. 972, Thesm. 353, 999, Vesp. 1466. On the occurrence of --vuu in a choriambic colon, where the text is not to be impugned, see the next lyric. The correspondence of choriamb and iambic syzygy (3) is not uncommon. See the second lyric below (Vesp. 526 ff.). On the apparent initial anapaest in 8, see p. 8. Cola 7~9 are lacking in the ode.

Nubes 949-958 = 1024-1033

949 νῦν δείξετον τὼ πισύνω 1 nove -υὐ-

~ #

τοῖς περιδεξίοισι -πυυ- υ-ὖ

λόγοισι καὶ φροντίσι καὶ Gu -υὐ-

962 γνωμοτύποις μερίμναις, «νυ-- van

λέγων ἀμείνων πότερος ὅσ-υ-- -υὐ--

΄ a x g rr vu

φανήσεται. viv yap ἅπας GouYY vu ἐνθάδε κίνδυνος ἀνεῖται σοφίας, -υυ-- -υυ-- -υὐ-

96] ἧς πέρι τοῖς ἐμοῖς φίλοις κυυ-- υ-ὐ--

ἐστὶν ἀγὼν μέγιστος. -υυ- υ--

Bergk proposed λέγων ἀμείνων πότερος (5) to replace the reading of the Mss. ὁπότερος αὐτοῖν λέγων ἀμείνων, in which the dual αὐτοῖν isa gloss on an original πότερος. In the antode of 5, 6, read with R and V εὐδαίμονες δ᾽ ἦσαν ἄρ᾽ οἱ] ζῶντες τότ᾽ ἐπὶ τῶν προτέρων. In 6 ζῶντες τότ᾽ ἐπὶ is the sole example of an iambic syzygy of this form (--vvuv) in a choriambic dimeter in Aristophanes, but it has just been seen that both this form and υ--σὐυ occur as the first syzygy in iambic cola that are constituent parts of these choriambic lyrics.

Vespae 526-545 = 631-647

Xo. νῦν δὲ τὸν ἐκ θἠμετέρου 1 Gu. vue γυμνασίου λέγειν τι δεῖ πυυ- GYu- re 4 , uv καινόν, ὅπως φανήσει .--- “υυς- «Ὁ 829 Βδ. ἐνεγκάτω μοι δεῦρο τὴν . . u e : τῇ Iambic tetrameter. κίστην τις ὡς τάχιστα.

530 ἀτὰρ φανεῖ ποῖός τις ὦν, | Tambic eT oe

A a ἣν ταῦτα παρακελεύῃ; 532 Χο. μὴ κατὰ τὸν νεανίαν -υὖϑ vive iQ 5 λέ ε a = 4 - τόνδε λέγειν. ὁρᾷς yap as -δτυ.- υ-υ-.

6 Fohn Williams White

" oS eed

σοι μέγας ἔστ᾽ ἀγὼν viv -υυ- υ-- Ν Ν an ε ,

535 καὶ περὶ τῶν ἁπάντων “υυ- Vee ἊΨ a , - εἴπερ, μὴ γένοιτο, -υυ.- v0 2 οὗτος ἐθέλει κρατῆσαι -υὐυ.-υς

Βδ. καὶ μὴν ὅσ᾽ ἂν λέξῃ γ᾽ ἁπλῶς

, shy ᾿ Tambic tetrameter. μνημόσυνα γράψομαι “yw.

f Ν 4Q? ε - x εῷὕὔ ᾿" Φι. ᾿ ae ae earns - δδί \ tambic tetrameter. Xo. οὐκέτι πρεσβυτῶν ὄχλος 10 vue ve χρήσιμος ἔστ᾽ οὐδ᾽ dxapy’ -υυ.-.- -υὐ-. σκωπτόμενοι δ᾽ ἐν ταῖς dois -υυ.. -ου.- θαλλοφόροι καλούμεθ᾽, ἀντ- κυυ- υοὐ-- ὡὠμοσιῶν κελύφη. -πυυ-- «Ὁ

Bentley and Porson, demanding exact choriambic correspondence in choriambic cola (~vu— with -vv-), proposed many changes of text in this lyric, the former τονδὶ (533) for τόνδε R V, γένοιθ᾽ ob | ros γ᾽ ἐθέλων (536 £.) for γένοιτο viv οὗτος ἐθέλει R V, and the latter νῦν δὴ (526) for viv δὲ RV, δεῖ τι λέγειν (527) for λέγειν τι δεῖ RV, σ᾽ ἐθέλει (537), ὡς δ᾽ ἐπὶ πάντ᾽ ἐλήλυθεν (636) for ὡς δὲ πάντ᾽ ἐπε- λήλυθεν ἈΝ. In the last case Porson doubted the equivalence οὗ choriambic dimeter and Glyconic. I know no exact parallel to this in comedy (Hermann proposed one in Thesm. 990 = 995 —see p. 20 below), but this correspondence is not so difficult as that in Eq. 332 = 406, where the parody fixes the form and forbids emendation. In 534 Bentley added viv, transferring it from 536. Porson corrected (542 f.) δ᾽ ἂν ἐν ταῖσιν δδοῖσιν (d80is R) ἁπάσαις... καλοίμεθ᾽ R V to the reading given above. The last syzygy of colon 13 of the antode is lacking in the Mss.

Besides the four cases of correspondence of choriambus with iambic syzygy that are found in the lyric under consideration, the following also occur in cola that have not been emended: ~Gu_ Lys. 324 = 338, YGu_ Lys. 326 = 340, -Yu— Ach. 1151 = 1163. Thus —Gu— occurs four times, YOu twice, and --ὐὐυ.-. once.

I add, in order to afford means of comparison, the correspondences in lyric iambic syzygies, the text of which has not been emended, that occur among the lyrics discussed in this paper: S_v. Nub. 951 = 1026,

‘Logaocedic’ Metre in Greek Comedy 7

Lys. 321 = 335, etc., etc., vuce Nub. 705 = 809, G-vY¥Y Nub. 954 = 1028, Y-uYY Eccl. 969 = 972, Guvv— Ach. 1157 = 1169, Vesp. 1455 = 1467, Lys. 325 = 339 and 328 = 342, υσου.. Ach. 1158 = 1170, GuvuYY Ach. 1156 = 1168, Youuuy Vesp. 1454 = 1466, συυῦῦν (Ὁ) Lys. 324 = 338, YY (?) Eccl. grr (οὐχ ἥκει podraipos) = 919 (bis).

Lysistrata 321-334 = 335-349

335 ἤκουσα yap τυφογέρον- 1 Uv sue τας ἄνδρας ἔρρειν, στελέχη υ-υ-- «υυ.. φέροντας ὥσπερ βαλανεύσοντας υ-υ- vue. ἐς πόλιν ὡς τριτάλαντον βάρος, συυσῦν συ...

, > 9 a 2A - δεινότατ᾽ ἀπειλοῦντας ἐπῶν δ ὕυυυ-. -υὐ-- ε Ἂν; x x

340 ws πυρὶ χρὴ τὰς μυσαρᾶς -υυ- «ο-υν- γυναῖκας ἀνθρακεύειν' You. vane J ν , a 7

341 ἃς θεὰ μή ποτ᾽ ἐγὼ -οὐ- «-υὐ-

, ¥ υ πιμπραμένας ἴδοιμι, -υοὐ-. υ«-Ὁ

842 ἀλλὰ πολέμου καὶ μανιῶν 10 συυυ.-- -υυ-- ῥυσαμένας Ἑλλάδα καὶ πολίτας, -υυ-.. «-υυ.-. une ἐφ᾽ οἷσπερ χρυσολόφα συ. ουυ-

345 πολιοῦχε σὰς ἔσχον ἕδρας. υυκυς -υὐ.-. καί σε καλῶ ξύμμαχον -υυ.. «-υυ.-. Τριτογένει᾽, εἴ τις ἐκεί- 16 -αὐ-- «-υυ-- νας ὑποπίμπρησιν ἀνήρ, -υυ-. «-υυ.-.

ra σ > ε n φέρειν ὕδωρ μεθ᾽ ἡμῶν. υ-υ- ν--

The colon corresponding to 345 is lacking in the ode.

Three forms are found in the first half of a choriambic dimeter in this lyric that have not previously occurred: (1) υυυυ.-- (4, 5, 10). Cf. Vesp. 1453 = 1465, 1455, 1456 1468, and the discussion of Aves 1372 ff. (p. 11 f.), a comic parody. The same form occurs as the first syzygy of an iambic dimeter in Ach. 1156, 1157. (2) -υυυ- (5, 10). Cf. Vesp. 1467. Also in an iambic dimeter in Ach. 1169. (3) υυ-υ-- (13). This anapaest is generally excluded by the commenta- tors, beginning with Bentley, who proposed σὰς πολιοῦχ᾽, not in itself a felicitous change of text. Another apparent instance of the anapaest in choriambic verse occurs in Eccles. 940 = 944, but this cannot be cited as evidence of the usage of Aristophanes, since in Eccles. 938 ff.

8 Fohn Williams White

the poet is imitating the common form of the scolium, in which the metrical constitution of the last two verses is uncertain. To pass to iambies, ταχέως in Nub. 812 is no doubt a dissyllable, and in Thesm. 355 the metre may be Ionic: uv-v_-v_ (anaclasis). The anapaest does not occur, so far as I have observed, in any of the pure iambic lyrics of Aristophanes. On the other hand, it is found in two poly- schematist dimeters in both R and V, Vesp. 1461 = 1473. See p. 23. In Vesp. 1458, Kiister’s change of φύσεως (R, V) to φύσεος is probably right. Here the antode (1470) shows υυυ. The natural inference from these facts is that the anapaest is faulty in all these places, espe- cially when one recalls to mind the assault that Aristophanes, in Ran. 1322 ff., makes upon its use by Euripides in Glyconics. See p. 29 ff.

A form of iambic dimeter occurs in the antode of this lyric (4) that must be accounted defective (_vuu_vu --v_), but who shall say that Aristophanes did not compose it? Here also the commentators have essayed changes: ws τριταλανταῖα βάρος Bentley, δεῦρο τριτάλαν- τόν τι βάρος Reisig, etc., but the same fault is found in two iambic dimeters in the same play (Lys. 277 278). Reisig’s conclusion that the two cola just cited are Glyconics is invalidated (to say no more) by the strictness of Glyconic form everywhere maintained by Aristophanes.

To avoid the correspondence You_ in 7, Meineke proposed ras κύνας for γυναῖκας (Mss.).

On the form of the catalexis of the trimeter in 3 compare the tetra- meter in Av. 1724 f.

Ecclesiazusae 968-971 = 972-975


καὶ ταῦτα μέντοι μετρίως 1 -οὺυ- -υὐ-. 969 πρὸς τὴν ἐμὴν ἀνάγκην Yiu

3 4? 3 ra Ν δέ υ

εἰρημέν᾽ ἐστίν. σὺ δέ μοι, συ. ουυ- 910 φίλτατον, ἱκετεύω, -υυ-- υ-...

ἄνοιξον ἀσπάζου με’ διά δυ-υ-. -ουυυ

τοι σὲ πόνους ἔχω. -πυυ-υ-

Two choriambic tetrameters and an iambic dimeter and dochmius. The dochmius is here admirably adapted to express the emotion of the singer, and occurs in just this form, in connection with iambics, else- where in Aristophanes in passages of intense feeling, in comic imitation

‘Logaoedic’ Metre in Greek Comedy 9

or parody of tragedy. Cf. Ach. 1219, 1221; Nub. 1163, 1164; Vespae 730 = 744 (Yvu-v|Guv-v_) and 873 = 890. On the form of the fifth colon, see p. 4 f. In 970, ἱκετεύω is a case of synizesis, since the resolution of either long of the choriamb (here it would be ~vuvu | υ----} is unheard of in Aristophanes, except in parody (pp. 11 ff.).

Acharnenses 1150-1161 = 1162-1173

1150 ᾿Αντίμαχον τὸν ψακάδος 1 κυυ- «υυ-- τόν ξυγγραφῇ τὸν μελέων ποιητήν, Yue suv νιν ds μὲν ἁπλῷ λόγῳ, κακῶς πυυ.-. uu ἐξολέσειεν Leds -υυ-. Une ὅς γ᾽ ἐμὲ τὸν τλήμονα Λή- δ.-συ.. «-Οοὐ-ὄ-

1155 ναια χορηγῶν ἀπέλυσ᾽ ἄδειπνον. -υυ- ο-υυ- υκῦ ὃν ἔτ᾽ ἐπίδοιμι τευθίδος Guu Yuu, δεόμενον, δ᾽ ὠπτημένη συυυ..-. Youve σίζουσα πάραλος ἐπὶ τραπέζῃ κειμένη -ούυυυ vou Youd ὀκέλλοι: κἄτα μέλ- 10 ve. wee

1160 Novros λαβεῖν αὐτοῦ κύων -οὖ- οὔὔὐ.- ἁρπάσασα φεύγοι. τω πα

Two choriambic pentameters enclosing a tetrameter, followed by two iambic hypermetra. The close of the first iambic hypermetron is marked by hiatus in the ode and by syllaba anceps in the antode. The contrast in form between the iambic hypermetra is admirably adapted to heighten the comic effect of the sentiment. The triseme syllable at the beginning of an iambic dipody (10, 12) is now clearly established by the authority of Aristoxenus.!

Cf. Schol. E (cod. Estensis III D 8) on 1150 ff.: διπλῆ καὶ τῶν ὁμοίων δυὰς ἔχουσα τὰς περιόδους SwdexaxddAous* dv τὸ πρῶτον χοριαμ- βικὸν δίμετρον ἀκατάληκτον: τὸ β΄ ἐν μὲν τῇ πρώτῃ περιόδῳ ἐστὶν ἰαμβικόν, ἐν δὲ τῇ δευτέρᾳ περιόδῳ χοριαμβικόν, ἔστι δὲ συγγενὲς τῷ τοῦ ἰαμβικοῦ" τὸ τρίτον, χοριαμβικόν: ἑφθημιμερὲς τὸ τέταρτον.

Elmsley, objecting to the correspondence in 2, proposed τὸν μέλεον τῶν μελέων for τὸν ξυγγραφῇ τὸν (τῶν R) μελέων of the Mss. The form of colon 2 in the ode recurs in Ran, 213.

1 See Grenfell and Hunt, Zhe Oxyrhynchus Papyri, Part 1, IX (p. 15, Col. 11).

10 Fohn Williams White

Isolated choriambic periods and single cola are found elsewhere in the comedies, as the tetrameter Aves 1724 f. at the close of an iambo- trochaic series ; the catalectic trimeter Ran. 213 ; the catalectic dimeter, at the close of a trochaic period in each case, Eccl. 902 = 908, 905 = gio; and the succession of catalectic dimeters, Pax 785-787 = 807- 809, in transition to dactyls.

Choriambic cola and periods occurred in other plays of Aristophanes, no longer extant, and in those of other poets of the Old Comedy. Hephaestion (30, 21 ff.) quotes the Αἰολοσίκων (10 Kock):

οὐκ ἐτός, γυναῖκες, -υὺυ- vn πᾶσι κακοῖσιν ἡμᾶς -υυ-- υ--- φλῶσιν ἑκάστοθ᾽ ἄνδρες " πυυ.-- une δεινὰ γὰρ ἔργα δρῶσαι -υυ- υ-- λαμβανόμεσθ᾽ ὑπ᾽ αὐτῶν. -υυ- υ--

Cf. Eupolis, Κόλακες 163 (Kock) :

ὃς χαρίτων μὲν ὄζει πυυ.-- υ-- καλλαβίδας δὲ βαίνει, -υυ.- υ-- σησαμίδας δὲ xe, πυυ.- υ-... μῆλα δὲ χρέμπτεται. πυυ.-- UK

The last colon,} in appearance, is the catalectic form of the preceding cola. The sentiment precludes the dochmius. See above, p. 8 f.

Pure acatalectic dimeters occur among the fragments of Aristophanes in 11 and 533 (K.). A tetrameter, quoted by Hephaestion (31, 16), occurred in the ᾿Αμφιάρεως (30) :

οἶδα μὲν ἀρχαῖόν τι δρῶν -πυυ.. -οὐὖ-. κοὐχὶ λέληθ᾽ ἐμαυτόν. -πυυ-- υ---

This has been called “first Priapean” (p. 4). It occurs not infre- quently in Aristophanes in extant plays. Cf. Ach. 1152 f. = 1164 f, Nub. 512 £., 567 f. = 599 f., 957 f. = 1032 f. In the Κόλακες of Eupolis (159) it is used by line in a fragment of sixteen verses. Cf. also Eupolis 38 and 361.

1 This combination has been much discussed, ‘and it is thought by some scholars to be the basis of the forms of scoliastic verse that are found in Eccl. 941 = 945 and Vesp. 1245-1247. See p. 17 below.

‘Logaoedic’ Metre in Greek Comedy II

Cratinus used the pentameter in the Πυλαία (172). Cf. Lys. 328 = 342 f., and in varying form Ach. 1150 f. = 1162 £., 1154 £. = 1166 ἔ.

In the Lysistrata (319, 320) Aristophanes employs two catalectic choriambic tetrameters to introduce the parodos of the women :

λιγνὺν δοκῶ μοι καθορᾶν -ου- -υὐ-- καὶ καπνὸν γυναῖκες -υυ.- vn ὥσπερ πυρὸς καομένου" Wave ουὐ.--. σπευστέον ἐστὶ θᾶττον. -υυ-- υ---

He has the same verse elsewhere: Nub. 700 f.= 804 f., 949 f. Ξξ 1024 f., 951 f. = 1026 f., Lys. 327 = 341, Eccl. 970 = 974. The iambic syzygy which begins the period has the fixed constitution ~-v_ except twice, where it is u-v_. Amnacreon had used the verse in a freer form (frag. 24) :

ἀναπέτομαι δὴ πρὸς "Ολυμ- υυυυ.-.-ὐ.- πον πτερύγεσσι κούφαις -υυ.- υ-- διὰ ‘A "BE ian 3 4 3 Ν

a, TOV ρωτ ov γὰρ εἐμοι υνυν.- οὧῦ. παῖς ἐθέλει συνηβᾶν. -υυ-. Un.

The metricians were here in doubt as to the constitution of the first foot. Did it result from the resolution of a choriambus or of a pure iambic dipody? Cf. Heph. 31, 6 ff.: ᾿Ανακρέων δὲ ἐπετήδευσε τὴν πρώτην συζυγίαν δι ὅλου ἄσματος ἐκ τριβράχεος καὶ iduBov ποιῆσαι, ὡς εἶναι κοινὴν λύσιν τῆς τε χοριαμβικῆς καὶ τῆς ἰαμβικῆς. Cf. Schol. Heph. 181, 14 ff.

Aristophanes can have felt no objection to this form zz ztsedf, since he employs it in the iambic part of mixed choriambic cola, not only in dimeters (Vesp. 1453 = 1465, 1455, 1456 = 1468, Lys. 324, 325), but also in a trimeter (Thesm. 992 f.), and in a pentameter (Lys. 328 f.) ; but in a well-known passage, with rare humor, he has used Anacreon’s peculiar tetrameter ‘with variations’ to travesty the extravagances of the dithyrambic poet Cinesias. In Aves 1372 f. he introduces Cinesias singing the very words of the lyric poet:

1372 f. ἀναπέτομαι δὴ πρὸς "OAvprov πτερύγεσσι κούφαις " υνων - 2UUR «α΄'.- ν--.-

Hereupon the comic poet immediately begins to ring all possible changes (they are all impossible according to his own practice) on the

12 Fohn Williams White

form of the choriambus, by means of resolution and contraction. He has Cinesias first display his complicated art by a variation in the first foot of a verse that certainly was not Anacreontic :

1373 f. πέτομαι δ᾽ ὁδὸν ἄλλοτ᾽ ἐπ᾽ ἄλλαν μελέων ---

μυνν AUUR .-οὐὖ.-

Cinesias is rudely interrupted by Peithetaerus, but continues, varying the first and second feet:

1376 ἔ. ἀφόβῳ φρενὶ σώματί τε νέαν ἐφέπων -“---

υνν .Ἄ͵οὖὧὐἷὧνψ UU

He is again interrupted, but now with a warm welcome, and goes on heartily, with iambic and antispastic variations :

1380. ὄρνις γενέσθαι βούλομαι λιγύφθογγος ἀηδών.

ee Ve ARV νου ν..-

He continues with renewed spirit, in spite of remonstrance, introducing the following interrupted heptameter’ by a catalectic Telesilleum and ending it with broken Ionics (anaclasis) :

1393 f. εἴδωλα πετεινῶν 3, , > μὴ ΄ αἰθεροδρόμων οἰωνων ταναοδείρων ---- “του ...-

«υὐν..-.ὄ eee UU .. (ὠόπ says Peithetaerus, but the poet forges ahead :)

1395 f. τὸν ἁλάδρο- pov ἁλάμενος ἅμ᾽ ἀνέμων πνοαῖσι βαίην ---- vuuYU

vuvuuVUYU VU. Vee

And finally makes a triumphant finish in two finely variegated tetra- meters whose choriambic tone is nevertheless skillfully preserved :

1398 f. τοτὲ μὲν νοτίαν στείχων πρὸς ὁδόν, τοτὲ δ᾽ αὖ βορέᾳ copa. πελάζων ἀλίμενον αἰθέρος αὔλακα τέμνων. ων. ...... vuevYU UU,

-.υν. “«υνων -υν.. ων...

‘Logaoedic’ Metre in Greek Comedy 13

Since Aristophanes himself never resolves either long of the choriam- bus nor contracts its shorts, his audience would be quick to appreciate the inimitable skill with which he genially brought the resources of metric into the service of his art as comic poet.

II Antispastic Cola

Since G. Hermann’s assault upon the antispast and his celebrated invention of a “basis,” scholars have fought shy of this much abused foot and it has disappeared from the modern books.4_ Hermann, to be sure, could not completely abandon the choriamb, and in his hands Sappho’s κατθναίσκει, Κυθέρη᾽, ἄβρος “Adwus’ ri κε θεῖμεν; (Heph. 34, 13) became a “choriambicum cum basi.” The logaoedists go a long way farther and make it —>| vu] | -vy || οὐ] 3?

Hephaestion, however, who had no premonition of the advanced investigations of the nineteenth century, and apparently found nothing in antecedent practice to give him pause, recognizes antispastic metre and devotes a chapter to it. This begins (32, 15 ff.) : τὸ ἀντισπαστι- κὸν THY μὲν πρώτην συζυγίαν ἔχει τρεπομένην κατὰ τὸν πρότερον πόδα εἰς τὰ τέσσαρα τοῦ δισσυλλάβου σχήματα" τὰς δὲ ἐν μέσῳ, καθαρὰς ἀντισπαστικάς" τὴν δὲ τελευταίαν ὁπότε ἐστὶν ἀκατάληκτον, ἰαμβικήν" ἐὰν δὲ ἀναμίσγηται ταῖς ἰαμβικαῖς, οὐ μόνον τὴν πρώτην συζυγίαν ἔχει τρεπομένην κατὰ τὸν πρότερον πόδα, ἀλλὰ καὶ τὴν ταῖς ἰαμβικαῖς ἕπο- μένην. ἔστι δὲ ὅτε καὶ λύεται πρότερος ποὺς εἰς τρίβραχυν. It is important to note what the variable four-syllabled element is that under this definition begins the ἀντισπαστικὸν μέτρον. It may be υ--ὦ or πυςὺ OF .--u OF uuu or uuu. These are all antispastic ‘syzygies ;’

1 It has been treated with downright contumely. T. Reinach speaks of it as ‘horrible antispaste,’’ and in general it is viewed askance by the new school, but possibly it may be rehabilitated. It is at least true that Westphal’s statement that the antispast was invented by Heliodorus can no longer be maintained. See Grenfell and Hunt, 776 Oxyrhynchus Papyri, Part 11, CCXX (p. 45, Col. VIII, and p. 47, Col. XIV).

2 Rossbach and Westphal’s analysis (Specielle Griechische Metrik, p. 568 f.) is bewildering. The fundamental part is a choriambic monometer and ‘first Phere- cratean’ (Zvu-Zuu-v-¥), To this is then prefixed a catalectic Pherecratean (YU_-vu_), and it is itself then modified by shortening the ‘first Pherecratean’ to the so-called Adonius (“uu-¥). The result (!) is YO-uu—’vu_Zuu_y, yet this is the verse that Alcaeus, Sappho, and Anacreon so greatly affected.

14 Fohn Williams White

in distinction from the rest, the first is designated as καθαρά. We shall discover that Aristophanes denied himself the use of one of those forms (vu-v), but that Euripides added even a sixth (υυ.....). By Hephaestion’s definition, the second syzygy of an acatalectic antispastic dimeter is iambic.

Equites 973-976 = 977-980 = 981-984 = 985-988 = 989-992 = 993-996

973 ἥδιστον φάος ἡμέρας aYou vive ἔσται τοῖσι παροῦσι καὶ aYuu υου..- τοῖσι δεῦρ᾽ ἀφικνουμένοις, -πῦκ.υ υ-υ. ἣν Κλέων ἀπόληται. -σου uw

Cf. the analysis of this lyric in the scholium in V: κορωνίς, ἐξίασι γὰρ of ὑποκριταί, καὶ ἐν εἰσθέσει τοῦ χοροῦ Eas μονοστροφικὴ τετρά- κωλος οὖσα (τετρακώλους ἔχουσα Thiemann) τὰς περιόδους ἐκ τριῶν Γλυκωνείων καὶ τοῦ Φερεκρατείου, συνῆπται δὲ τῇ λέξει καὶ μόνον διακέκριται τὸ Φερεκράτειον, παράγραφοι δὲ ἅπλαῖ (Dibner, ἁπλοῖ V) μὲν έ, δὲ ς΄ καὶ μετὰ κορωνίδος. Hephaestion also designates this acatalectic dimeter as Γλυκώνειον (33, 9) and the catalectic form as Φερεκράτειον (33,5). Cf. the definition of the pure Glyconic given by the scholiast on Hephaestion (213, 17 ff.). The antispastic dimeter (Glyconic), precisely as the choriambic dimeter and the iambic dimeter, normally consists of eight syllables and twelve times.

Bentley proposed the reading of 975 for the unmetrical τοῖσιν ἀφικνουμένοισιν of the Mss., and in 981 Scaliger ᾽γένεθ᾽ for γένοιθ᾽. Musaeus supplied the dv that was lacking in 989.

Ranae 1251-1260

τί ποτε πρᾶγμα γενήσεται; 1 νυυ.υὐ-υ-. φροντίζειν γὰρ ἔγωγ᾽ ἔχω, --οὖ νου.-. τίν᾽ ἄρα μέμψιν ἐποίσει υυυ-ὐὐς-... ἀνδρὶ τῷ πολὺ πλεῖστα δὴ πυς-ὺ υοὐ- 1266 καὶ κάλλιστα μέλη ποιή- δ-υ vue σαντι τῶν μέχρι νυνί. πυςὺ UN θαυμάζω γὰρ ἔγωγ᾽ ὅπῃ “ποὺ νου... μέμψεταί ποτε τοῦτον πυ-υ υ-.- τὸν Βακχεῖον ἄνακτα; ΕΝ

καὶ δέδοιχ᾽ ὑπὲρ αὐτοῦ. 10 .u.u von

‘Logaoedic’ Metre in Greek Comedy 15

The lyric is parodic in tone. Aristophanes rarely uses the form of the first syzygy that appears in 1, 3. Cf. Thesm. 991. The song begins with two hypermetra of equal length, and ends with Pherecra- teans. The tetrameter in 7, 8 is a Priapean. See below. Bentley wished to read τουτονὶ in 1258. In 1256 μέχρι νυνί is due to Meineke for ἔτι νῦν (or νῦν ἔτ᾽) ὄντων of the Mss.

The acatalectic antispastic dimeter (Glyconic) occurred also in the Τῆρας (140 K.), and the hephthemimeral form (Pherecratean) in continuous series in the Κοριαννώ of Pherecrates (79), quoted by Hephaestion (33, 5):

7 , SA ΑΝ ἄνδρες, πρόσχετε τὸν νοῦν ---¥ vue ἐξευρήματι καινῷ. --- τος συμπτύκτοις ἀναπαίστοις. ποι Von

Cf. Eupolis 162, Crates 33.

The catalectic antispastic tetrameter, with the second syzygy iambic and with iambic close (a combination of Glyconic and Pherecratean) was named Priapean (Heph. 34, 15 ff.). Cf. Cratinus 221:

οὐδ᾽ Αἰξωνίδ᾽ ἐρυθρόχρων wav νου- 3 ΄, ’,

ἐσθίειν ἔτι τρίγλην πυςυ υ-.. οὐδὲ τρυγόνος, οὐδὲ δει- -υ-ὺ νοῦς. νοῦ φυὴν μελανούρου ---- πυοὺ υ-.-

ΟΕ. Cratinus 320, and Ran. 1257 f., Nub. 573 f. = 605 f., Thesm. 1141 f. Choriambic and antispastic cola may be combined in successive series, as follows:

Equites 551-564 = 581-594

581 ἵππι ἄναξ Πόσειδον, 1 κυυ-- νοῦυ-- χαλκοκρότων ἵππων κτύπος πυυ- Yiu Ν δά; καὶ χρεμετισμος ανόανεῖ -“υυ-.- νυ-ὦ..- καὶ κυανέμβολοι θοαὶ -πυυ.- vou 555 μισθοφόροι τριήρεις, δ uu. vn μειρακίων θ᾽ ἅμιλλα λαμ- πυυ. υοὐ-. πρυνομένων ἐν ἅρμασιν au. vive \ 4 καὶ βαρυδαιμονούντων, aU. von

δεῦρ᾽ ἔλθ᾽ ἐς χορὸν χρυσοτρίαιν᾽ --οὸ υ.-ὖ Un

16 Fohn Williams White

560 δελφίνων μεδέων ΣΞουνιάρατε, 10 τυ vi-u νοῦ Tepaiorte παῖ Κρόνου, -U_u υου.. Φορμίωνί τε φιλτατ᾽ ἐκ -που νου.- τῶν ἄλλων τε θεῶν ᾿Αθη- που Ulu ναίοις πρὸς τὸ παρεστός. --ουὐὖυςῦ

Cf. the scholium in V: διπλῆ, εἶτα ἐπάγεται ἐπιρρηματικὴ συζυγία, ἧς αἱ μὲν μελικαὶ (Thiemann, μέλη καὶ V) περίοδοί εἰσι ιδ΄ κώλων" τὸ πρῶτον χοριαμβικὸν ἰαμβικὴν ἔχον ἐπιμεμιγμένην ἀκατάληκτον, καὶ τὸ β΄ ὅμοιον ἀκατάληκτον, καὶ τὸ y καὶ τὸ δ΄ ὅμοιον, καὶ τὸ ε΄ χορι- αμβικὸν καταληκτικόν (Thiemann, ἀκατάληκτον V), καὶ τὸ ς΄ καὶ τὸ ζ΄ ἀκατάληκτον (ὅμοιον V), καὶ τὸ η΄ καταληκτικόν, τὸ δὲ θ΄ καὶ ἀντισπαστικὰ τρίμετρα καταληκτικὰ (Thiemann, καὶ τὸ η΄ ἀκατάληκτον καὶ τὸ θ΄, τὸ δὲ ( ἀναπαιστικὸν τρίμετρον καταληκτικὸν V), τὰ δὲ λοιπὰ δ΄ ἀντισπαστικὰ δίμετρα (Thiemann, ἀναπαιστικὰ τρίμετρα V), τρία μὲν Ῥλυκώνεια, τὸ τελευταῖον δὲ Φερεκράτειον. The corrections are obvious. Cf. the Aldine scholium: διπλῆ, εἶτα ἐπάγεται ἐπιρρημα- τικὴ συζυγία ἧς pedixal (μέλη καὶ Ald.) περίοδοί εἰσι ιδ΄ κώλων: ὧν τὰ μὲν ὀκτὼ χοριαμβικὰ ἰαμβικὴν ἔχοντα ἐπιμεμιγμένην ἀκατάληκτον καὶ καταληκτικὴν ὡς ἐν τῷ ε΄ καὶ η΄. τῶν δ᾽ ἑξῆς ἀντισπαστικῶν τὰ μὲν θ΄ καὶ U τρίμετρα καταληκτικά, τὰ δὲ λοιπὰ δίμετρα ἀκατάληκτα Τλυκώ- νεια διτροχαίου καὶ διιάμβου (ἰάμβου Ald.) πλὴν τοῦ τελευταίου ἑφθη- μιμεροῦς, καλεῖται Φερεκράτειον. By this classification, cola 9, 10, are catalectic antispastic trimeters, as in Eccl. 917 = 923 (p. 19). Hephaestion designates the middle syzygy of such metres as καθαρὰ ἀντισπαστική (32, τῇ £.). The acatalectic form is the well-known Asclepiadean (Heph. 34, 1 ff.). Weil classified cola 9, 10 as Ionics. See Bulletin de correspondance Hellénigue, XIX (1895), p. 411.1 See also von Wilamowitz, Sitzungsberichte der Kon. Preuss. Akad. der Wissenschaften, 1902, p. 894. But if we take the variable forms of the first foot in antispastic metre into account, what shall be said in expla- nation of Ionic metres in which the first foot becomes v-— or ~v-, not to mention the possible υυυ.- or even uv? The same analysis applied to colon 14 (the well-known Pherecratean) would give an acatalectic Tonic dimeter (_-~ vv-¥) closing a period.

1 Compare his Etudes de littérature et de rhythmique grecques (1902), p. 205 f.

‘Logaoedic’ Metre in Greek Comedy 17

A catalectic antispastic trimeter, with the second syzygy iambic, was called by the metricians Φαλαίκειον. Cf. Hephaestion 33, 17 ff., who quotes Cratinus (321):

a? a rd , aN χαῖρ᾽ χρυσόκερως βαβάκτα κήλων, --τὸὺ vou. υ-- Πάν, Πελασγικὸν ΓΑργος ἐμβατεύων. πυςὺ υ-ὐ-- υ--

This trimeter occurs also in the following (1, 2) :

Ecclesiazusae 938-941 = 942-945

Δ᾽ 44 XV cal Ss , εἴθ᾽ ἐξὴν παρὰ τῇ νέᾳ καθεύδειν τοῦ ὑξυν UR Ν Ν. 3 , a καὶ μὴ “de πρότερον διασποδῆσαι που νου. UN 940 ἀνάσιμον πρεσβυτέραν" υυ-υ--ὐὐυ.. > Ν 2 Ν᾿ a 3 3 , ov yap ἀνασχετὸν τοῦτο γ᾽ ἐλευθέρῳ. πυυ.-. van υ-υ..

The correction of πρεσβύτερον, the reading of the Mss. in 940, is due to Bothe. For the apparent anapaest at the beginning of 3, see p. 7 £. above, but the metrical constitution of cola 3, 4, is uncertain. No part of this lyric may be taken as exemplifying the usage of Aristo- phanes, since he here adopts a traditional form of the scolium, which was an inheritance from an early time. Cf. the laughable use our poet makes of the Phalaecean in Vesp. 1226, 1227, 1248, and with colon 4 above, cf. Vesp. 1245-1247. These are the only instances of the combination of choriamb and antispast (in this order) in Aristophanes. —For a discussion of this form of the scolium, see von Wilamowitz, Aristoteles und Athen, 11, 316 ff.

Aristophanes has used the Phalaecean, in conjunction with a preceding antispastic tetrameter, the greater Asclepiadean or Σαπφικὸν ἑκκαιδεκα- σύλλαβον (Heph. 35, 5 ff.), in parodying Alcaeus (frag. 84), in Aves 1410 ff.:

ὄρνιθες τίνες οἵδ᾽ οὐδὲν ἔχοντες πτεροποίκιλοι, τανυσίπτερε ποικίλα χελιδοῖ ; -.-- “οὖ. τουυ--.ὖ VLU

vue. ν-...-. ν--ὄ-

Cf. ν. 1415. Aristophanes uses the form uv in the first part of the antispastic syzygy both here (in 1412, 1415) and in Ran. 1324 in parody. - With colon 1 cf. Vesp. 1238 (scoliastic).—In Afélanges

18 Fohn Williams White

Henri Weil (1898, p. 449 ff.) von Wilamowitz argues for Ionic scan- sion also of the Phalaeceum. See also Schréder’s analysis of the two Asclepiadeans in Pilologus LXIV (1905), pp. 493 ff.

The free combination of choriambic and antispastic cola, without fixed discrimination of order, is illustrated by fragments of two of the lost plays of Aristophanes. Cf. 109:

Εἰρήνη βαθύπλουτε καὶ 1 ρου νους ζευγάριον βοεικόν, -υυ-- υ--... δ, Ἂν 2 Ν a

εἰ yap ἐμοὶ παυσαμένῳ -υυ.- οὐὐ-- τοῦ πολέμου γένοιτο -υυ.-- υ-- σκάψαι κἀποκλάσαι τε καὶ ὅπ Or λουσαμένῳ διελκύσαι -υυ-. υ«ὐ.-. τῆς τρυγὸς ἄρτον λιπαρὸν -υυ-. -υὐ.-

Ν ἘΠ Ψ, tS καὶ ῥάφανον φαγόντι. -πυυ.-- υ-ὦ Add 141:

πρεσβῦτα, πότερα φιλεῖς 1 vu υυυνυ.- τὰς δρυπετεῖς ἑταίρας -υυ.-- υ-- xa Ἂν. xX ἐμ

σὺ τὰς ὑποπαρθένους, πυ-υ υ-ὐ- ἁλμάδας ὡς ἐλάας, «υυ-- υ--.-

΄ στιφράς: * * * κὰκ κ 5 nak KEKE

For vuvuvu— in 1, see p. 15. ΟἿ. also 695, where the cola are all catalectic :

go 3 ,

ὅστις ἐν ἡδυόσμοις -υυ- υ-- στρώμασι παννυχίζων “vue υ-- τὴν δέσποιναν ἐρείδεις. μρκ λα Von

Cf. also Pherecrates 131:

μαλάχας μὲν ἐξερῶν, 1 -υυ- vive 3 ͵΄ > er ἀναπνέων δ᾽ ὑάκινθον, νυυ.-υὐ.-..- καὶ μελιλώτινον λαλῶν -υυ-- υ«-.- Ν er , . καὶ ῥόδα προσσεσηρώς -υυ-. υ--.. φιλῶν μὲν ἀμάρακον, 5 .v-u vive ied gue wy προσκινῶν δὲ σέλινα, --οῦ υ-- n 4 γελῶν δ᾽ ἱπποσέλινα Kat Venu νον-

κοσμοσάνδαλα βαίνων πυςυ υ-.

‘Logaoedic’ Metre in Greek Comedy 19

» 2 ig A

ἔγχει κἀπιβόα τρίτον “που υου- nde , 2

παιὼν » WS νόμος ἐστιν. 10 .--u vi

Five tetrameters. The last three are Priapeans (p. 15). Iambic and antispastic cola may be combined in successive series, as in the following : Ecclesiazusae 911-917 = 918-923

911 αἰαῖ τί ποτε πείσομαι; 1 uuu. ue οὐχ ἥκει μοὐταῖρος " UE UES

912 μόνη δ᾽ αὐτοῦ λείπομ᾽ " Wes RUS γάρ μοι μήτηρ ἄλλῃ βέβηκε" wees eee UL καὶ τἄλλα μ᾽ οὐδὲν τὰ μετὰ ταῦτα δεῖ λέγειν. Trimeter.

915 ἀλλ᾽ pai’ ἱκετεύομαι, δι. υ νου... κάλει ᾿Ορθαγόραν, ὅπως OY_u vive σεαυτῆς κατόναι᾽, ἀντιβολῶ σε. υ--υὖ--υυ-ῦ

A song ἀπὸ πορνείου! This may account for the hiatus in 911 and some other irregularities in form and correspondence. It is not even certain that the two parts correspond as ode and antode; cola 3, 4 are lacking in what seems to be the antode.

I have adopted Dobree’s reading of the trimeter (verse 914), for which R has καὶ τἄλλ᾽ οὐδὲν μετὰ ταῦτα δεῖ λέγειν. In 921 read ὑφαρπάσαις with Scaliger for ὑφαρπάσαιο in R. In 916 I have omitted τὸν which is read in R before ᾿ρθαγόραν, and in the next verse have read σεαυτῆς for σαυτῆς (R). On the form of colon that ends the lyric (7), cf. Eq. 559, 560 = 589, 590, and see p. 15 above. For vv (6, 7) as the first syzygy in an antispastic colon, cf. Thesm. 996, the refrain Ὑμὴν Ὑμεναίῳ (Av. 1736 = 1742, 1743, 1754), and Pherecrates 109, 4 (p. 25); 131, 7 (p- 18).

Choriambic, antispastic, and iambic cola are combined in the following :

Thesmophoriazusae 990-994 = 995-1000

995 ἀμφὶ δὲ σοὶ κτυπεῖται 1 -υὐ- ven Κιθαιρώνιος ἠχώ, vou von μελάμφυλλά τ᾽ ὄρη υτ- τὸ UR δάσκια πετρώδεις τε νάπαι βρέμονται" ὕυυυ.. -οὐ-. van

΄ Ν Ν Ἂς Ν κύκλῳ δὲ περὶ σὲ κισσὸς δ vauuU uuu

εὐπέταλος ἕλικι θάλλει. -υνυυυυ....

20 Fohn Williams White

In 990, the reading of the Mss., εὔιον Διόνυσε, is doubly in fault. Neither here nor at the end of the ode can εὔιον be right, and Διόνυσε (vu-v) fails to correspond with κτυπεῖται. It is to be noted that all the cola in the lyric are catalectic. Enger reads Εὔιε, Διὸς σύ, but the hiatus is objectionable. Hermann’s εὐοῖ, Διόνυσε (-v-v vv) involves the least change. For the correspondence in this case, cf. Vesp. 537 = 636 (p. 6). The third colon is a catalectic Phere- cratean. This is singular, but it is paralleled by the catalectic prosodiac (Telesilleum), which is common, and is more likely than an assumed acephalous choriambic dimeter (υ-.] -οὐ-.). The ode determines the form of 4. In the antode the Mss. read in 998 f. καὶ νάπαι πετρώδεις. The correction is due to Enger. In 994 Hermann proposed er’, εὐοῖ εὐοῖ,[ ev’, dvaxopedwy for the faulty εὔιον εὔιον edoi|. . . ἀναχορεύων of the Mss.

With the preceding lyric, cf. the following.

Aves 676-684

φίλη, ξουθή, 1 .vu. «αὖ φίλτατον ὀρνέων -uue υ- πάντων, ξύννομε τῶν ἐμῶν --οὖ νου. ὕμνων, ξυντροφ᾽ ἀηδοῖ, Sek: uss. 680 ἦλθες ἦλθες ὠφθης, 5 «οὐὖ- vee ἡδὺν φθόγγον ἐμοὶ φέρουσ᾽" που υαυ.. ἀλλ᾽ καλλιβόαν κρέκουσ᾽ --οὖ νου.-- αὐλὸν φθέγμασιν ἠρινοῖς, “που νου... ἄρχου τῶν ἀναπαίστων. ancl Ves

On 2, see p. 10. Logaoedic, antispastic, and iambic cola may be combined :

Thesmophoriazusae 1136-1159

Παλλάδα τὴν φιλόχορον ἐμοὶ 1 -υυ-υυ νυν.- δεῦρο καλεῖν νόμος ἐς χορόν, πνυς-υυ ou.

, 3, ’΄ παρθένον ἄξζυγα κούρην, πύυυςυυ .-.- 1140 Ff πόλιν ἡμετέραν ἔχει πυυςυν -υ- καὶ κράτος φανερὸν μόνη δ -υου Une

κλῃδοῦχός τε καλεῖται. θυ δος

Logaoedic’ Metre in Greek Comedy 21

φάνηθ᾽ τυράννους Vice Woe στυγοῦσ᾽ ὥσπερ εἰκός. Veen Vee δῆμός τοί σε καλεῖ γυναι- ---U ὕξος κων" ἔχουσα δέ μοι μόλοις 1. συςυ υ-ὄυ.. 147 εἰρήνην φιλέορτον. “νυ νοῦ ἥκετ᾽ εὔφρονες ἵλαοι, πυνυ νον. 1149 πότνιαι, ἄλσος ἐς ὑμέτερον, πυυςυυ -ὐὐν οὗ δὴ ἀνδράσιν οὐ θέμιτ᾽ εἰσορᾶν HUAUU -ὐὐκὺ ὄργια σεμνὰ θεοῖν, ἵνα λαμπάσιν 16 -οὐυυ -νυςὺ = 1154 φαίνετον ἄμβροτον ὄψιν. πυυουυ wee μόλετον